ePortfolio Interoperability framework
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In order to define an interoperability framework for lifelong learning, employability and social integration/inclusion, we need to:
a) define an architecture where the main functions are clearly identified and described.
b) list and cross-reference all current and relevant specifications and technologies that support those functions - expand to emerging specs and technologies. Design a conformance programme / label / maturity model to promote best in class providers.
c) identify the gaps between existing specs and architecture requirements to submit proposals for further work on specs
From existing standards we could define an 1.0 architecture while designing a 2.0 architecture that would lead the development of standards and technologies.
The architecture is learner centric and provides a lifelong continuum, from initial education to retirement, from formal to informal and non-formal learning, formal and informal recognition, formal and informal social interaction.
The ePortfolio which is at the centre of this architecture, has for main function to support individuals in growing and exploiting their personal assets - competencies, knowledge, social networks, etc. Such a system could be described as PLEaSE (a personal learning, employability and social environment).
Interoperability from the individual point of view has for objective to insure that every individual has full control over a set of data and processes designed to support further learning, employability and social inclusion. It is about empowering learners as consious managers of their assets.
Interoperability from the organisational point of view has for objective to maximise the exploitation of individual assets within business processes (including learning and assessment processes) while preserving privacy and IPR (individual and organisational).
Our current vision of the [interoperability framework]? is based on different components such as:
1) identity management: consiously or not, individuals have a digital identity. The objective of identity managment is to empower individuals with the ability to control their digital identity and the services exploiting the information contained in their identity (biographical data, competencies, publications, social networks, etc.). This include security and privacy management as well as authentification.
- bis) Social network management: this is an extension of the identity management (individuals exist in relation to others), e.g. to grow circles of trust, communities etc.
2) content management: beyond basic biographical data, the digital identity of an individual comprises learning artefacts and outcomes, such as documents, reports reflections, work experience, feedbacks, etc. It is likely that the contents will be heterogeneous and distributed over amny different information systems. Intellectual property right management (IPR) is part of it.
3) publication: can be static (e.g. a PDF file or a content package) or dynamic (e.g. a website or an Atom stream).
4) Physical architecture: the implementation P2P / Client-Server: ePortfolio contents can be accessed through different modalities, in particular in a peer-to-peer environment to facilitate the development of social networking.
5) Services - Job search, learning, assessment, community networking etc.
Standards and technologies
Here is a list of standards relevant to PLEaSE
- Identity Management: SAML, Open ID, XRI-XDI, WSF, Microsoft CardSpace
- Content Management: OAI-PMH, Dublin Core, X-Query
- Content Packaging: IMS CP (content package), IMS eP (ePortfolio, include an application profile of IMS CP), SCORM, AICC-PENS, Open Office, Microsoft, MPEG 21
- Employment: HR-XML, IEEE RDC, IEEE 1484.11.3 (CMI XML Binding, for interaction with tracking from Scorm compliant LMSs), IMS LIP/ePortfolio (Learner Information Package)
- Social Interaction: FOAF, LA-People Service
- Publication: XSL (transcoding), Atom, RSS, GML (e.g. to represent social networks), xForm (to ease reusable form for entering metadata)
- Workflows: XPDL, eB-XML, IMS ES, HR-XML
EIfEL Actions in this area:
HR-XML : Member (Leading Europass Working Group), available publications and services:
Europortfolio / Europass CV HR-XML Application Profile
- CV Transcoding Web Service (http://cvt.eife-l.org/)
Liberty Alliance : Member (French SIG, Employability and Life Long Learning SIG), available publications and services:
TAS3 project (http://www.tas3.eu )
OpenID : Member
IEEE LTSC RDF : Member